Winter Greens: Westchester’s Native Evergreens

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The sparse snow covering this month reveals the dull browns and grays of winter gardens. With a bountiful variety of native evergreens, your landscape need not look bare.  Between the tree canopy and the ground, there are native evergreens to add at every layer of the garden. 

Natives add year-round interest and color to the garden, providing diverse habitat and perfectly calibrated nutrition for our local wildlife. 

From the tall to the small, the trees and shrubs listed below will green up your garden year round. 


Native Evergreen Trees

American Holly - Ilex opaca 

Arborvitae - Thuja occidentalis

Atlantic White Cedar - Chamaecyparis thyoides

Eastern Hemlock - Tsuga canadensis

Weeping Hemlock - Tsuga canadensis pendula

Eastern Red Cedar - Juniperus viginiana

Eastern White Pine - Pinus strobes

White Spruce - Picea glauca


Native Evergreen Shrubs

Inkberry - Ilex glabra

Mountain laurel - Kalmia latifolia

Rosebay rhododendron - Rhododendron maximum


Native Evergreen Perennials

Christmas Fern - Polystichum acrostichoides

Creeping phlox - Phlox subulata

Interrupted Fern - Osmunda claytoniana

Wintergreen - Gaultheria procumbens

Woodland Phlox - Phlox divaricata